Watch | What’s the Roshni Act?

A video explainer on the 2001 Roshni Act enacted by Farooq Abdullah in Jammu and Kashmir

The Roshni Act was initially referred to as the Jammu and Kashmir State Land (Vesting of Possession Rights to the Occupants) Act, 2001.

It was enacted in 2001 in the course of the Nationwide Convention regime led by Farooq Abdullah within the State.

As per the Act, the possession rights of State land could be transferred to its occupants on the cost of a charge fastened by the federal government.

The 12 months 1990 was set because the deadline for encroachment on state land.

The Roshni Act was an formidable venture to fulfill Jammu and Kashmir’s power energy disaster.

It was the govts calculation that regularising 20 lakh kanals of State land below occupation of locals would assist it increase ₹25,000 crore.

The proceeds obtained could be used to arrange hydroelectricity initiatives within the State to generate further energy.

What had been the following amendments made to the Roshni Act?

Ghulam Nabi Azad additionally effected various amendments to the Act when he was Chief Minister. The amendments prolonged the deadline from 1990 to 2004, which was later prolonged until 2007.

Based on the contemporary amendments, additional leisure was granted to occupants available on the market costs fastened earlier in 2001.

Why is a two decades-old regulation below the scanner?

The Comptroller and Auditor Common tabled a report earlier than the Jammu and Kashmir meeting in 2014 and identified irregularities in implementing the Act. 

A public curiosity litigation was filed by a Jammu-based activist S.Ok. Bhalla in 2011, alleging that politicians, bureaucrats and income officers had been hand in glove in committing fraud below the Act.

In 2018, then governor Satya Pal Malik repealed the Act, saying it failed to fulfill its aims.

In October 2020, the Jammu and Kashmir Excessive Courtroom held the Roshni Act as ‘unconstitutional’.

The Jammu and Kashmir authorities had initially agreed to implement the Excessive Courtroom order. However it has now filed a assessment petition, saying “a lot of frequent folks would endure”.



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